The Development of an Integrated Management Plan for the Handling, Treatment and Purification of Effluents in the Wine, Spirits and Grape Juice Industries

 

Project Number

120H

Project Title

The development of an integrated management plan for the handling, treatment and purification of effluents in the wine, spirits and grape juice industries

Project Leader

Lorenzen, L

Institution

University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Chemical Engineering. Centre for Process Engineering Institute for Agricultural Engineering

Team Members

Koegelenberg, F
Barnardt, N
Bezuidenhout, S
Hayward, N

Project Description

In 1999 Winetech initiated a project on the management and treatment of effluent resulting from the wine, spirits and fruit juice industries. The project is facilitated by the Centre for Process Engineering (CPE) at the University of Stellenbosch, in collaboration with the ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij and the Institute for Agricultural Engineering (IAE). The final objective of the project is to provide a series of guidelines for the South African wine industry to ensure sustainable development in accordance with current environmental principles. The project has been refined to a structured research programme to cover virtually all aspects of environmental impact of wine, spirits and grape juice production.

The treatment and disposal of winery, distillery and grape juice waste costs money. These expenses cannot be recouped, so it is one of the non-productive costs in winery construction and operation. It is therefore necessary to design and develop an effective effluent management system and structure the various treatment procedures in the most effective and economic manner.

The programme has been designed according to the following strategy and hierarchy, in line with strategies for other industries.
Pollution prevention at source. The fundamental principle is to prevent or minimise the processes that result in the deterioration of water quality in a cellar, distillery or plant.
If the water quality management measures at sources do not prevent the discharge or disposal of water containing waste, re-use and minimisation strategies should be implemented. This may include partial treatment of water in order to render it suitable for re-use.

If the water quality management measures at source and the minimisation and re-use strategies do not prevent the discharge of wastewater, water treatment strategies should be implemented.

Note: Various measures mentioned in 1 to 3 above, will be construed as a water use in terms of section 21 of the National Water Act, 1998 and the appropriate water use license needs to be applied for.

If the measures mentioned above do not prevent the discharge of polluted waste water, an application for a license will have to be made, stating extensive motivation for the need of the license explaining financial, social as well as environmental implications for proposed points of discharge. It must be emphasised that this can only be a temporary measure and a firm commitment, together with a detailed time schedule for implementation of measures to achieve the water quality objectives for the discharge, will have to be made.

Presentation(s)

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N, Prozesky, V and Snyders, H. 2000. Development of an integrated environmental management plan for the wine, spirit and grape juice industries. Paper presented at the Wastecon 2000 Conference. 5-7 September, Somerset West, South Africa.

Ellis, R, Lorenzen, L and Hayward, D J. 2000. The use of ion exchange resin for pH modification in the effluent from the wine press. Paper presented at the 2nd International Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 8-10 November, Cape Town, South Africa.

Koch, E W, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N and Lorenzen, L. 2000. A case study for the evaluation of an effluent treatment technology in the wine industry. The R and R dissolved air flotation – ozone pilot plant. Paper presented at the 2nd International Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 8-10 November, Cape Town, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N, Prozesky, V and Snyders, H. 2000. Practical environmental management in the South African wine industry. Paper presented at the 2nd International Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 8-10 November, Cape Town, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N and Prozesky, V. 2000. The development of a management system for the treatment and purification effluent water from the fruit industries (wineries, wine distillation and juice plants). Paper presented at the Water Institute of Southern Africa Conference. 28 May – 1 June, Sun City, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S and Barnardt, N. 2001. The evaluation of dissolved air flotation as a possible effluent treatment technology. The R and R dissolved air flotation / ozone plant. Paper presented at the Mineral Processing. 2-3 August, Cape Town, South Africa.

Koch, E W, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Lorenzen, L and Barnardt, N. 2001. A case study for the evaluation of an effluent treatment technology in the wine industry. The R and R dissolved Air Flotation – Ozone Pilot Plant. Paper presented at the 6th World Congress of Chemical Engineering. 23-27 September, Melbourne, Australia.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N, Trerise, M, Prozesky, V and Snyders, H. 2001. Practical Environmental Management in the South African Wine Industry. Paper presented at 26th World Congress of the Vine and Wine and the 81st General Assembly of the OIV. 11-17 October, Adelaide, Australia.

Trerise, M A, Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, C A and Prozesky, V M. 2001. Wastewater characterisation for pollution prevention. Paper presented at 26th World Congress of the Vine and Wine and the 81st General Assembly of the OIV. 11-17 October, Adelaide, Australia.

Van Zyl, H, Ellis, R, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S and Lorenzen, L. 2001. Evaluation of ion exchange for pH modification and tartrate stabilisation of wine musts. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture.15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Marais, D, Hayward, D J and Bezuidenhout, S. 2001. A combined coagulation sedimentation and ozone study as a treatment technology for winery wastewater. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Trerise, M A, Hayward, D J and Bezuidenhout, S. 2001. Cost alleviation due to improved wastewater treatment systems. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N and Lorenzen, L. 2001. Development of environmental management systems for wineries. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Barnardt, C A, Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J and Bezuidenhout, S. 2001. Implementation of an ISO 14001 environmental management system in a winery: Experiences at Rupert and Rothschild Vignerons. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Trerise, M A, Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, and Wolfaardt, G M. 2002. Biodegradation of wine distillery wastewater. Paper presented at South African Institute of Chemical Engineers Conference. 4-5 April, Cape Town, South Africa.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S and Barnardt, C A. 2002. Practical environmental management in the South African wine industry. Paper presented at the Water Institute of Southern Africa Conference. 19-23 May, Durban, South Africa.

Bezuidenhout, S, Hayward, D J, Barnardt, C A and Lorenzen, L. 2002. Practical environmental management in the South African wine industry. Paper presented at the 6th Conference on Environmental and Mineral Processing. 27-29 June, Ostrava Poruba, Czech Republic.

Lorenzen, L, Hayward, D J, Bezuidenhout, S and Barnardt, C A. 2003. Integrated environmental management in the South African wine industry. Presentation to the Chemical Engineering Research and Development, University of Stellenbosch. 4 April, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Musee, N, Lorenzen, L and Aldrich, C. 2003. A prototype knowledge-based decision support system for industrial waste reduction in food and beverage industries. Lecture. Chemical Engineering Research and Development, University of Stellenbosch. 4 April, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Musee, N, Lorenzen, L and Aldrich, C. 2003. Integrated intelligent decision support approach for waste minimisation in the winemaking process. Paper presented at the South African Chemical Engineering Congress: Chemical Engineers Competing in a Global Economy. 3-5 September 2003, Sun City, South Africa.

Sheridan, C M, Bauer, F F, Burton, S and Lorenzen, L. 2004. A critical process analysis of wine production to improve cost, quality and environmental performance. Lecture. Chemical Engineering Research and Development, Peninsula Technikon. 28 May, Cape Town, South Africa.

Article

Hayward, D J, Lorenzen, L, Bezuidenhout, S, Barnardt, N, Prozesky, V, Van Schoor, L H. 2000. Omgewingsgerig of onbetrokke – kan jy dit bekostig? WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 99-102)
 
Van Schoor, L H. 2000. Enkele kritiese faktore in die ontwikkeling en implementering van ISO 14001 omgewingsbestuurstelsels vir wynkelders, WineLand, Mnth Jul (p. 101)
 
Van Schoor, L H, Visser, D. 2000. ISO 14001 environmental management systems, WineLand, Mnth Sep (p. 9-10)
 
Van Schoor, L H. 2000. Bestuursopsies om negatiewe omgewingsimpakte by wynkelders te minaliseer, WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 97-100)
 
Van Schoor, L H. 2001. Omgewingswetgewing in wingerd en wynbedryf, WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 114-117)
 
Van Schoor, L H. 2001. Formula for quantification and prioritisation of negative environmental impacts in the wine industry, WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 100-102)
 
Bezuidenhout, S, Hayward, N, Lorenzen, L, Barnardt, N, Trerise, M. 2002. Environmental performance of the South African wine industry – are we competitive? WineLand, Mnth Apr (p. 79-81)
 
Sheridan, C M, Bauer, F F, Lorenzen, L. 2004. Emperical and economic modelling of winery and effluent water, Wynboer Technical Yearbook, (p. 10-114)
Musee, N, Lorenzen, L, Aldrich, C. 2005. Decision support approach for waste minimization in the winemaking processes, Environmental Progress, v. 25 (1) (p. 56-63)
 
Sheridan, C M, Bauer, F F, Lorenzen, L. 2005. Emperical and economical modelling of winery and effluent parameters, Chemical Technology, Mnth Oct (p. 4-8)
 
Sheridan, C M, Bauer, F F, Burton, S, Lorenzen, L. 2005. A critical process analysis of wine production to improve cost, quality and environmental performance, Water Science and Technology, v. 51 (1) (p. 39-46)
 
Sheridan, C M, Bauer, F F, Lorenzen, L. 2005. Perceptions and reality – water, effluent and environmental management systems, WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 104-105)
Walsdorf, A A, Von Kraayenburg, M, Barnardt, N. 2005. A multi-site approach towards integrating environmental management in the wine production industry, Water Science and Technology, v. 51 (1) (p. 61-29)
 
Musee, N, Lorenzen, L, Aldrich, C. 2006. Decision support for the evaluation of energy demand in vinification processes using fuzzy sets theory, Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, v. 17 (4) (p. 4-18)
 
Musee, N, Lorenzen, L, Aldrich, C. 2007. Cellar waste minimization in the wine industry. A systems approach, Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 15 (5) (p. 417-431)

http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.11.004

Dissertation
Musee, N. 2004. An integrated approach to waste and energy minimization in the wine industry: a knowlegde-based decision methodology. PhD (Chemical Engineering) University Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/16067

Thesis
Drew, M. 2001. Optimization of ion exchange juice treatment plant at Ashton Cellars. MSc (Eng) (Chemical Engineering) University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.

Marais, A D. 2001. The development of an audit procedure and treatment technologies for Rupert and Rothschild Vigneron’s Winery wastewater. MSc (Eng) University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.

Bezuidenhout, S. 2003. Advantages associated with the implementation and integration of environmental management systems in small manufacturing businesses. MEng. University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.

Sheridan, C M. 2003. A critical process analysis of wine production to improve cost, efficiency, wine quality and environmental performance. MSc (Wine Biotechnology) University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.

Trerise, M. 2005. Evaluation of primary and secondary treatment of distillery wastewaters. MSc (Eng) (Chemical Engineering). University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.

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