Identification of Cylindro Carpon species involved in black foot disease

Project Number
WW 06-25

Project title
Identification of Cylindro Carpon species involved in black foot disease

Project leader
Halleen, F

Team members
Fourie, P
Crous, P W

Project description
Worldwide uncertainty still exists regarding the role of fungi in decline and slow dieback of young grapevines. The black goo disease complex was the first to be associated with this. Recently the involvement a fungus, Cylindrocarpon, which causes black-foot disease, was discovered. The aim of this study is to identify different Cylindrocarpon isolates to species level and to determine their involvement in black foot disease.

150 local Cylindrocarpon isolates were collected. six C. destructans isolates were obtained from France and one from Tasmania, while a further 34°C. obtusisporum isolates were obtained from California. 28 isolates were selected for preliminary molecular characterisation.

Poster(s)
Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Petrini, O. 2001. Fungi associated with healthy grapevine cuttings in nurseries in the Western Cape, South Africa. Poster presented at the 13th Conference of the Australasian Plant Pathology Society. 24-27 September, Cairns, Australia.

Halleen, F, Schroers, H-J, Groenewald, J Z and Crous, P W. 2005. Fungi associated with black foot disease in South African vineyards and nurseries. Poster presented at the 4th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases. 20-21 January, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F and Groenewald, M. 2005. Grapevine diagnostic observations with special reference to trunk diseases. Poster presented at the 15th Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference. 26-29 September, Geelong, Australia.

Mostert, L, Fourie, P H, Halleen, F, Jaspers, M V and Crous, P W. 2006. Cylindrocarpon spp. associated with black foot disease in grapevines in New Zealand. Poster presented at the International Mycology Congress. 20-26 August, Cairns, Australia.

Halleen, F, Schroers, H J, Rego, C, Oliveira, H and Crous, P W. 2006. Cylindrocarpon liriodendri, the main causal organism of black foot disease. Poster presented at the 5th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases. 11-13 September, Davis, California, United States.

Presentation(s)
Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Petrini, O. 2001. Fungi associated with healthy grapevine cuttings in nurseries in the Western Cape, South Africa. Paper presented at the 13th Conference of the Australasian Plant Pathology Society. 24-27 September, Cairns, Australia.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2001. Field and diagnostic observations of grapevine decline in South Africa. Paper presented at the 11th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union. 17-20 September, Evora, Portugal.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2001. Stam- en wortelsiektes van wingerd. VinPro SA Regional Information Days, Robertson (6 June), Paarl (27 August), Barrydale (28 August), Worcester (29 August), Vredendal (4 September) and Stellenbosch (5 September).

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2001. Stam- en wortelsiektes van wingerd. Presentation at the ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij Disease and Pest Management Information Day. Grabouw. South Africa.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2001. Current understanding of black goo decline and black foot disease of grapevine. Paper presented at the 25th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2001. Black goo en swartvoet terugsterwing by wingerd. Lecture. Vine Improvement Association Nursery Short Course. 25 April, Paarl, South Africa.

Walton, V M. 2002. The role of genetics and evolution in biological control. Paper presented at the IOBC International Symposium on Biological Control. 14-16 October, Montpellier, France.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2002. Swartvoet by wingerd, simptome en voorkoming. Presentation at the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture Vineyard Forum Winter Meeting. 7 June, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2002. Navorsing in die kwekerybedryf. Voor-Groenberg Nursery Information Day. 20 June, Voor-Groenberg, South Africa.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2002. Stam- en wortelsiektes van wingerd. Presentation at the ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij Disease and Pest Management Information Day. 23 July, Malmesbury, South Africa.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2002. Swartvoet by wingerd. Presentation at the VinPro Information Day. 25 September, Vredendal, South Africa.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2002. Vooruitgang en terugsterwing van jong wingerd. Presentation at the VinPro Information Day. 25 September, Vredendal, South Africa.

Halleen, F. 2003. Voorkoms, simptome en beheer van die wingerdsiektes witroes, tandpyn, streepvlek, swartvoet en black goo. Lecture. Modular Course in Table Grape Cultivation, Elsenburg Agricultural College and ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij. 14 May, De Doorns, South Africa.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Groenewald, J Z. 2003. ITS and beta-tubulin phylogeny of Cylindrocarpon spp. associated with black foot disease of grapevine. Paper presented at the 8th International Congress of Plant Pathology. 2-7 February, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Groenewald, J Z. 2003. ITS and beta-tubulin phylogeny of Cylindrocarpon spp. associated with black foot disease of grapevine. Paper presented at the 3rd International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases. 1-2 February, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2003. Nursery strategies for the proactive management of decline and dieback research progress. Paper presented at the 27th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 5-7 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Halleen, F. 2004. Characterisation of Cylindrocarpon spp. associated with black foot disease. Lecture. University of Stellenbosch. Department of Plant Pathology. 26 August, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F. 2004. Swartvoet in wingerd. Lecture. University of Stellenbosch. Department of Plant Pathology. 27 August, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Fourie, P H. 2004. Black foot disease in South African vineyards and grapevine nurseries. Paper presented at the International Conference on Viticultural Zoning and 28th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 15-19 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Fourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2004. Proactive management of grapevine trunk diseases in nurseries: An integrated approach. Paper presented at the 42nd Congress of the Southern African Society for Plant Pathology. 18-21 January, Winterton, South Africa.

Fourie, P H, Crous, P W and Halleen, F. 2004. Control of black foot disease in nurseries. Paper presented at the 42nd Congress of the Southern African Society for Plant Pathology. 18-21 January, Winterton, South Africa.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2004. Trunk diseases of grapevines in South Africa. Paper presented at the Coonawarra Grapegrowers’ Association Seminar on Grapevine Diseases. 5 February, Coonawarra, Australia.

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H and Crous, P W. 2004. Control of black foot disease in grapevine nurseries. Paper presented at the 3rd Australasian Soilborne Diseases Symposium. Barossa Valley, Australia.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Fourie, P H. 2005. Black foot disease in South African vineyards and grapevine nurseries. Paper presented at the 4th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases. 20-21 January, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W , Schroers, H J and Groenewald, J Z. 2005. Fungi associated with black foot disease in South African vineyards and nurseries. Paper presented at the 4th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases. 20-21 January, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F, Crous, P W and Fourie, P H. 2005. Black foot disease in South African vineyards and grapevine nurseries. Paper presented at the Congress of the South African Society for Plant Pathology, African Mycological Association and Medical Mycology in Africa, 23-26 January, Mossel Bay, South Africa.

Halleen, F. 2005. Epidemiology and control of black foot diseases of grapevines. Lecture. University of Stellenbosch, Department of Plant Pathology. 19 August, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H and Crous, P W. 2005. Black foot disease in South African Vineyards and grapevine nurseries. Corbans Viticulture Workshop: Young vine decline, Cylindrocarpon black foot and other fungal diseases of grapevine. 19 September, Trinity Hill, Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand.

Halleen, F and Fourie, P H. 2005. Grapevine trunk diseases in South Africa. Paper presented at the Black foot Disease Seminar. 20 September, Marlborough Wine Research Centre, Blenheim, New Zealand.

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H and Crous, P W. 2005. Black foot disease in South African vineyards and grapevine nurseries. Paper presented at the Black foot Disease Seminar. 20 September, Marlborough Wine Research Centre, Blenheim, New Zealand.

Groenewald, M and Halleen, F. 2006. Voorkoms, simptome en beheer van die wingerdsiektes, witroes, donsskimmel, tandpyn, streepvlek, antraknose, swartvoet en black goo. Modulêre Kursus in Tafeldruifverbouing. 11 May, De Doorns, South Africa.
ourie, P H and Halleen, F. 2006. The basics of managing disease complexes. Paper presented at the Cape Phomological Association Symposium. 31 May, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Article
Fourie, P H, Halleen, F, Van der Vyver, J, Schreuder, W. 2001. Effect of Trichoderma treatments on the occurrence of decline pathogens in the roots and rootstocks of nursery grapevines, Phytopathologia Mediterranea, v. 40 (Supplement) (p. S473-478)

Fourie, P H, Halleen, F. 2001. Diagnose van swamsiektes en hul betrokkenheid by terugsterwing van jong wingerd, Wynboer, Mnth Dec (149) (p. 19-23)

Fourie, P H, Halleen, F. 2002. Control measures for black goo and black foot of grapevine: preliminary results, WineLand, Mnth Jan (p. 117-119)

Fourie, P H, Halleen, F. 2004. Occurrence of grapevine trunk disease pathogens in rootstock mother plants in South Africa, Australasian Plant Pathology, v. 33 (2) (p. 313-315)

Halleen, F, Schroers, H J, Groenewald, J Z, Crous, P W. 2004. Novel species of Cylindrocarpon (Neonectria) and Campylocarpon gen. nov. associated with black foot disease of grapevines (Vitis spp) Studies in Mycology, v. 50 (p. 431-455)

Halleen, F, Crous, P W, Schroers, H J, Groenewald, J Z. 2005. Fungi associated with black foot disease in South African vineyards and nurseries, Phytopathologia Mediterranea, v. 44 (97-)

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H, Crous, P W. 2005. Researching black foot disease in South African vineyards and grapevine nurseries, Southern African Society for Plant Pathology,
http://saspp.org/content/view/14/11

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H, Crous, P W. 2005. Black foot disease of grapevine: summary of research in South Africa, WineLand, Mnth Dec (196) (p. 77-78)

Halleen, F, Van Niekerk, J M, Mostert, L, Fourie, P H, Crous, P W. 2005. Trunk disease pathogens associated with apparently healthy nursery grapevines, Wynboer Technical Yearbook, (p. 12-14)

Halleen, F, Fourie, P H, Crous, P W. 2006. A review of black foot disease in grapevines, Phytopathologia Mediterranea, v. 45 (p. s55-67)

Halleen, F, Schroers, H-J, Groenewald, J Z, Rego, C, Oliveira, H, Crous, P W. 2006. Neonectria liriodendri sp. nov. the main causal agent of black foot disease of grapevines, Studies in Mycology, v. 55 (1) (p. 227-234)

FinalReport.pdf

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