The effect to two cover crop management practices applied to cover crops, selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil, on the nematode and weed population, as well as grapevine performance and soil quality

Project Number
WW 02-21

Project title
The effect to two cover crop management practices applied to cover crops, selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil, on the nematode and weed population, as well as grapevine performance and soil quality

Project leader
Fourie, J C

Institution
ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij

Team members
Mulidizi, A R
Fourie, J C
Du Plessis, K
Addison, P
Malan, A
Hugo, H
Maboeta, M
Halleen , F
Kruger, N
De Vos, R
Osche, C H

Project description
To determine the effect of cover crops (selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil), managed according to two cover crop management practices, on the occurrence of nematodes in the soil and the microbial status of the soil. To determine the effect of two cover crop management practices on the weed control efficacy of cover crops selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil. To determine the effect of the selected cover crops managed according to two cover crop management practices on grapevine performance. To determine the effect of these selected cover crops managed according to two cover crop management practices on the soil nutrient status and organic matter content of the soil. To determine the effect of these selected cover crops managed according to two cover crop management practices on the occurrence of Black Foot Disease pathogens in the soil. To supply the wine grape industry with scientifically based guidelines which will result in the sustainable use of cover crops and cover crop mixtures for effective bio-fumigation and weed control.

Poster(s)
Du Toit, A, Slabbert, E, Jacobs, K, Fourie, J C and Du Plessis, K. 2012. The effect of cover crops, selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil managed according to two cover crop management practices on the occurrence of soil-borne pathogens in grapevine roots. Poster presented at the 34th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture, 14-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa

Presentation(s)
Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A. 2011. The role of different cover crops in the suppression of plant parasitic nematodes in South African vineyards: Focus on bio-fumigation potential. Paper presented at the 20th Symposium of the Nematological Society of Southern Africa. 16-18 May, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Kruger, D, Fourie, J C and Malan, A. 2011. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Paper presented at the 4th International Biofumigation and Biopesticides Symposium. 18-21 October, Saskatoon, Canada.

Fourie, J C. 2011. Sustainable cover crop management. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day. 13 September, Malmesbury, South Africa.

Fourie, J C. 2011. Weed control and restriction of weed resistance. Presentation at the Landini Elsenburg Farmer’s Day. 21 July, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Fourie, J C. 2012. Effect of cover crops on the nematode and weed population in a Shiraz/101-14 vineyard established on a sandy soil near Stellenbosch. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day. 20 April, Paarl, South Africa.

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2012. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Paper presented at the 34th National Congress of the South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. 14-16 November, Somerset West, South Africa.

Fourie, J C. 2013. The role of cover crops and weed control. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day. 25 January, Paarl, South Africa.

Fourie, J C. 2013. The effect of cover crops on the soil, weed control and the performance of perennial crops. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day. 13 February, Hermanus, South Africa.

Fourie, J C. 2013. Cover crop management for sustainable grape production. Presentation at the Terrason Cover Crop Information Day, Worcester, South Africa, 10 April

Fourie, J C. 2013. Cover crop management for sustainable grape production. Presentation at the Bonnievale Agricultural Union Meeting, Bonnievale, South Africa, 17 April

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2013. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day, Paarl, South Africa, 18 April

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2013. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day, Malmesbury, South Africa, 8 May

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2013. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day, Montagu, South Africa, 14 May

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2013. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day, Klawer, South Africa, 22 May

Kruger, N, Fourie, J C and Malan, A P. 2013. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Winetech VinPro Information Day, Vredendal, South Africa, Lutzville, 23 May

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2013. The biofumigation concept and preliminary results of MSc study: The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. Presentation at the Vinpro Winetech Information Day. 8 May, Malmesbury, South Africa.

Article
Kruger, N, Fourie, J, Malan, A P. 2011. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant parasitic nematodes in vineyards, South African Journal of Plant and Soil, v. 28 (4) (p. 261-262)

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2012. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards, IN: Proceedings of the 34th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. November 2012,

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2013. Cover crops with biofumigation properties for the suppression of plant parasitic nematodes: A review, South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, v. 34 (2) (p. 287-295)
Article.pdf

Kruger, D, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2014. Potensiaal van dekgewasse om plant parasitiese nematodes te onderdruk in wingerde, WineLand, Mnth Aug (p. 90-94)

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2014. An overview of the potential of cover crops to suppress plant-parasitic nematodes in grapevine, Wineland, Mnth August (p. 90-94)

Fourie, J C, Kruger, D H M, Malan, A P. 2015. Effect of management practices applied to cover crops with bio-fumigation properties on cover crop performance and weed control in a vineyard. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture. v. 36 (1) (p. 146-153)
Article.pdf

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2015. The effect of cover crops and the management thereof on plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards, South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, v. 36 (2) (p. 195-209)
Article.pdf

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C,, Malan, A P. 2015. Control potential of Brassicaceae cover crops as green manure and their host status for Meloidogyne javanica and Criconemoides xenoplax. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture. v. 36 (1) (p. 165-174)
Article.pdf

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2015. Biofumigation potential of Brassicaceae as a green manure and their host status for root-knot and ring nematode under controlled conditions. Wineland. Mnth June (p. 77-80)
Article.pdf

Fourie, J C, Kruger, D H M, Malan, A P. 2016. The performance of cover crops with biofumigation properties in a drip-irrigated vineyard near Stellenbosch, Wineland, Mnth February (p. 62-65)
http://www.wineland.co.za/performance-of-cover-crops-with-biofumigation-properties-in-drip-irrigated-vineyard/

Paper
Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2011. The role of different cover crops in the suppression of plant-parasitic nematodes in South African vineyard: Focus on bio-fumigation potential, IN: 20th Symposium of the Nematological Society of Southern Africa. May 2011,

Kruger, D M H, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2011. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards, IN: Proceedings of the Biofumigation and Biopesticide Symposium. October 2011,

Du Toit, A, Slabbert, E, Jacobs, K, Fourie, J C, Du Plessis, K. 2012. Microbial diversity in vineyards under different soil management practices, IN: Proceedings of the 34th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. November 2012,

Fourie, J C, Sassman, L W, Freitag, K. 2012. The effects of two cover crop management practices applied to cover crops selected for their bio-fumigation potential on winter growing weed stand and spectrum, IN: Proceedings of the 34th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. November 2012,

Halleen, F, Fourie, J C. 2012. The effect of cover crops, selected for their potential to bio-fumigate the soil, managed according to two cover crop management practices, on the occurrence of soil-borne pathogens in grapevine roots, Proceedings of the 34th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture Congress. November 2012,

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2012. The role of cover crops in suppressing plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards, IN: Proceedings of the 34th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. November 2012,

Fourie, J C, Sassman L W, Freitag, K. 2013. Effect of cover crops with bio-fumigation potential, and the management thereof, on the nematode and weed population, as well as grapevine performance and soil quality, In: Proceedings of the 35th South African Society for Enology and Viticulture. November 2013,

Fourie, J C, Sassman, L W, Freitag, K. 2014. Effect of management practices applied to cover crops selected for bio-fumigation on winter growing weeds, IN: Proceedings of the Combined Congress, Southern African Weed Science Society. January 2014,

Kruger, D H M, Fourie, J C, Malan, A P. 2014. The role of cover crops with biofumigation potential for the suppression of plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards, IN: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Biofumigation. September 2014,

Kunjeku, E C, Fourie, J C. 2014. Preliminary evaluation of effectiveness of Brassica species as cover crops in vineyards in Stellenbosch, South Africa, IN: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Biofumigation. September 2014,

Thesis
Nyamanda, V R. 2013. Seasonal variation in weed species diversity and dry matter production in cover crops managed by mechanical cultivation in vineyards. BSc (Hons). Thohoyando, South Africa: University of Venda.

Kruger, D. 2013. The role of cover crops with biofumigation potential for the suppression of plant-parasitic nematodes in vineyards. MSc. University of Stellenbosh, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
http://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/85702

Mashamba, D. 2013. Comparison of winter and summer weed species diversity and dry matter production in annual cover crops managed by herbicides in vineyards. BSc (Hons). Thohoyando, South Africa: University of Venda.

FinalReport.pdf

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